Mental Health

Nurses in a meeting

The Scottish Patient Safety Programme (SPSP) is now part of Healthcare Improvement Scotland's Improvement Hub supporting improvement across health and social care. This is a unique national programme that aims to improve the safety of healthcare and reduce the level of harm experienced by people using healthcare services. SPSP aims to support National Health and Wellbeing Outcome 7: People using health and social care services are safe from harm.

The aim of the Scottish Patient Safety Programme for Mental Health is People are and feel safe.

Cultivating learning amongst those delivering and in receipt of care, and using that knowledge to improve safety are core values of the Scottish Patient Safety Programme for Mental Health (SPSP-MH). Through collaboration and innovation from staff, service users and carers and the use of quality improvement and improvement science over the last 4 years, we are now starting to see significant reductions in self harm, seclusion, violence and aggression, and restraint across a number of areas in Scotland.

The latest quarterly data (June 2017) is showing an increasing number of wards and units are showing improvements in rates of violence and restraint, seclusion and percentage of individuals self harming. There are examples of reductions in restraints of up to 60%, a 28 per cent reduction in the percentage of patients who self-harm (overall reduction across 20/39 acute admission wards) and a reduction in the rates of violence of up to 80 per cent.

Perspectives on co-production in developing the Patient Safety Climate Tool

A recent report was completed by Julie McLellan, a PhD student, who was undertaking a three-month internship at Healthcare Improvement Scotland, funded by the Scottish Graduate School of Social Science. The aim of this project was to understand the co-production process that took place during the development and delivery of the Patient Safety Climate Tool.

The Patient Safety Climate Tool (PSCT) is a facilitated self-reported measure which assesses perceptions of environmental, relational, medical and personal safety. It provides a snapshot of what goes on in a specific ward at a specific time.

This report presents the key findings from a series of interviews with Healthcare Improvement Scotland and third sector professionals involved in the design, development and delivery of the Scottish Patient Safety Programme’s Mental Health Patient Safety Climate Tool (PSCT). The aim of these interviews was to assess the co-production process that took place in the development and delivery of the PSCT.

The purpose of this report is to share learning from a co-production process taking place in a mental health context by reporting on the experiences of those who were at the centre of the PSCT development.

If you would like a printed copy please contact the SPSP-MH team. 

We are happy to consider requests for other languages or formats. Please contact our Equality and Diversity Advisor on 0141 225 6999 or email  

End of Phase Report

View a copy of the End of Phase Report by clicking on the below picture. If you would like a printed copy please contact the SPSP-MH team. 

We are happy to consider requests for other languages or formats. Please contact our Equality and Diversity Advisor on 0141 225 6999 or email

Our work programme is centred around five work-streams:

1. Leadership and Culture

2. Safer Medicines Management

3. Risk Assessment and Safety Planning

4. Violence, Restraint and Seclusion Reduction

5. Communication at Transitions


View the Driver Diagrams 

Diagram showing 5 workstreams


Human Rights Based Approach

The programme has undertaken a Human Rights Based Approach delivery - further details

Human Rights Based Approach Video

Improving Observation Practice

The Scottish Patient Safety Programme – Improving Observation Practice aims to extend and build on existing good practice in mental health services to provide an improved model of person-centred care that can be applied in any healthcare setting.

View the Improving Observation Practice page

Learning Sessions are an opportunity for the programme to come together with the aim of capacity building and are based upon Quality Improvement techniques. The sessions disseminate new ways of working, have introduced techniques to monitor patient safety and allow for networking, thus encouraging the sharing of methods and initiatives to improve patient safety in mental health. Approximately 1500 delegates have attended the 5 national learning sessions with 1120 delegates attending the regional learning sessions.

Regional Learning Sessions - February 2017

The fourth round of regional learning sessions were held in February with a focus on the work being undertaken by the participating NHS boards. Attendees also had the opportunity to attend world cafe sessions to discuss Recovery, Relationships, Principles and Equally Fit. A report on the regional learning sessions will be available in due course. 

North Regional Learning Session agenda
East Regional Learning Session agenda
West Regional Learning Session agenda

Scottish Patient Safety Programme for Mental Health presentation
North Regional Learning Session Board presentations
East Regional Learning Session Board presentations
West Regional Learning Session Board presentations

Development and Improvement Day for Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) - January 2017

This event was co-hosted with the Mental Health Access and Improvement Support Team (MHAIST). With the aim that delegates will have an increased understanding of how they can work at a local and a national level, using quality improvement methods, to ensure CAMHS are Safe, Timely, Effective and Person-Centred by drawing on the support from each other, national teams and the ideas and innovations shared at this event. The delegates included representatives from Health and Social Care, third sector organisations, service users and carers, families. A report on the event will be made available in due course.

Development and Improvement Day for CAMHS Agenda
Development and Improvement Day for CAMHS Event Report


Going Beyond Harm - August 2016

The event was organised with Carers Trust Scotland and was aimed at carers of people (adults, children or young people) with mental health problems who have, or may have, used mental health services, such as inpatient services or community health service. The event brought together carers and staff from mental health services throughout Scotland.

The aim of the event was to gather carers' and staff views on how their involvement in services can help improve safety for service users, staff and carers within mental health services and, ultimately, share the learning with each other to support improvement and avoid harm. Following the event a report was shared with the attendees.

Going Beyond Harm Agenda
Going Beyond Harm Event Report

Phase 2 - Safety Principles in Mental Health and Phase 3 - Scoping Future Activity - March 2016

Meetings were held to allow workstream development groups to review, discuss and feedback on the safety principles as a whole. Attendees at the Phase 3 meeting also looked at gathering information on expanding into new areas and shaping the future programme.

Regional Learning Sessions - September 2015

The third round of regional learning sessions were held in September with a focus on the safety principles and overarching themes. Attendees had the opportunity to share learning, future plans and network. Feedback from the learning sessions will be published here in the coming weeks. To see tweets relating to the sessions please click here

A sample agenda can be found here

To follow the story on twitter click here

Learning Session 5 - March 2015

Learning Session 5 of the Scottish Patient Safety Programme for Mental Health was held on the 4th of March.  The event marked a period of time in the life of the programme where a number of areas across Scotland are showing reductions in restraint, violence and aggression and self harm.  

The day was around what processes, attitudes and cultural aspects that have contributed to the same.  Karen Martin from the Carers Trust addressed the delegates describing the Triangle of Care and her role as a carer.  This was followed by a Programme Update from the SPSP-MH Clinical and Programme leads detailing work to date.  Workshops were themed around the development of the key elements or ‘essentials’ in mental health that collectively contribute to a reduction in harm for those in receipt of care.  
The event was closed by Paul Gray and preceded by a mix of service users, carers, governance and front line staff completing the sentence – ‘patient safety in mental health matters to me because....’

To view the agenda, presentations and pictures from the day please click here

Regional Learning Sessions - September 2014 

The second round of regional learning sessions were held in Aberdeen, Edinburgh and Glasgow. Following on from the successful introduction in 2013 of this format the focus of these sessions was boards sharing tests of change, learning, future plans and networking with world cafés again being run. These centred on: The importance of data and the model for improvement, Climate tools (Patient and staff), service users and carers involvement, remote and rural issues. There were also breakouts for each of the change packages. 

Sample Regional Learning Session agenda

To view a sample presentation from the days please click here

International Initiative for Mental Health Leadership (IIMHL) - June 2014

SPSP - Mental Health were asked by the International Initiative for Mental Health Leadership to host a workshop on the subject of "Patient Safety including trauma informed care and usage of seclusion and restraint".  The aim of the event was to highlight the work being carried out across Scotland and offer the opportunity to network and collaborate with partners from across IIMHL to discuss these as themes taking into account the view of those who receive and deliver mental health care. 

IIMHL Agenda

A sample presentation from the day can be found here

Learning Session 4 - March 2014

Learning session 4 had a focus on workstream development, sustainability and spread within the SPSP-Mental health programme, in addition to sharing and learning from the work that had been carried out to date. The day started with a compelling carers story and moved onto a programme update and a presentation on the role of human factors within mental health settings and then a patients story. Boards teamed up to showcase work that had been happening in each change package and in addition to breakouts for each workstream there were additional groups for data and measurement and introduction to improvement science and Patient experience and service user engagement. The day was closed by Paul Gray, Director General Health and Social Care, Chief Executive of NHS Scotland.

Learning Session 4 Agenda

To view presentations from the day please click here

To view pictures from the day please click here

Regional Learning Sessions - November 2013

The SPSP - Mental Health team introduced regional learning sessions as a test of change to increase participation from service users, carers and front line staff in comparison to our national Learning Sessions. The learning sessions were located in Inverness, Edinburgh and Glasgow. The focus was on sharing tests of change, future plans and learning and each board was asked to give a 15 minute showcase on a driver diagram that they had been working on with tests of change supported by data. This was also the first time we used the world café format with data measurement, remote and rural issues, phase 2, Patient Safety Climate Tool, Service user and carer engagement and transfers between boards as the subject matters. 

Sample regional learning session agenda

To view a sample presentation please click here

Learning Session 3 - June 2013

Learning Session 3 focused on person-centred care within the SPSP-Mental Health programme with plenary presentations introducing the Patient Safety Climate Tool and on compassionate leadership combined with service user and carer involvement and engagement. Breakout sessions included all 5 workstreams and service user engagement in safety, data and measurement, introduction to improvement science and understanding the patient experience.

Learning Session 3 Agenda

To view a plenary presentation from the day please click here

To view pictures from the day please click here

Learning Session 2 - February 2013

Learning session 2 started with a patients perspective and included a general programme update from Scottish Government and SPSP-MH. In the spirit of sharing knowledge news from the pilot wards was presented and a structured networking session and board planning session also occurred. Breakout sessions were held for the 5 workstreams and 'Introduction to Improvement Science'. Storyboards were again used to allow boards to demonstrate local tests of change and learn from others.

Learning Session 2 Agenda

To view presentations from the day please click here

To view pictures from the day please click here

Learning Session 1 - August 2012

As the introductory learning session presentations explaining the colloboratives grounding in Quality Improvement were made by representatives from Scottish Government. Service users and carers were also involved from the start with presentations on 'A Carers View' and 'A Clients Journey' with positive feedback from delegates. An introduction to improvement science session was given with delegates keen to learn more about this. Storyboards were introduced to allow boards to share and learn about best practices that already existed.

Learning Session 1 Agenda 

To view presentations from the day please click here

Below you will find links to tools and resources relating to the Mental Health programme.

Data Measurement

The SPSP Mental Health programme work is not just testing how to implement changes that reduce harm but also:

  • what part of the system needs changing to reduce harm
  • what specific changes will lead to a reduction in harm, and
  • what measures can be used to reliably measure levels of harm.

For further details, read the measurement plan below.

Measurement Plan

NHS Boards across Scotland are using the Patient safety Climate Tool with over 300 patients being given the opportunity to have a say about their care and treatment using this tool.

It is a Scottish innovation that is leading the way in person centred safe delivery of care.  The tool is designed to enquire about environmental, relational, medical and personal safety. Cultivating learning among those delivering and in receipt of care, and using that knowledge to improve safety are core values of the Scottish Patient Safety Programme (SPSP).

Patient Safety Climate Tool
Patient Safety Climate Tool - Guidance

Staff Safety Climate Survey and Analysis Tool

Organisations working to develop or improve a culture of safety need a reliable measure to monitor the success of their initiatives. Using a Safety Climate Survey developed for the SPSP Mental Health programme, teams can gain information about the perceptions of front-line clinical staff about safety in their clinical area and management’s commitment to safety. 

The survey can also provide information about how perceptions vary across different departments and disciplines.  As the participating team tests and implements changes to improve the culture, it can repeat this survey periodically to assess the impact of those changes.

Here is the SPSP-MH Staff Safety Climate Survey, Guidance and an Excel Analysis Tool which has dummy data entered to illustrate its functionality. Please download them for use within your teams, and let us know how you get on!

Improving monitoring of as required 'prn' psychotropic medication

A poster displaying the work around the monitoring of as required 'prn' psychotropic medication was shown at the 6th Annual International College of Mental Health Pharmacists Conference, 9th - 11th October 2015 in Bristol.

View the poster here

WebEx Dates

Webex calls are a means of SPSP Mental Health providing support to individual boards. The Mental Health team hold WebEx calls and provide an opportunity for participants to ask questions, as well as keeping participants up to date with progress across boards, and within the SPSP MH collaborative.

If you wish to join the distribution list please contact us here

Data provides rich, valuable information that allows us to understand variation in our system. Data collection is fundamental in quality improvement and there are many types of data that are helpful in supporting changes that result in improvement, including continuous measurements and counts of observations. 

The Mental Health programme published the revised measurement plan in February 2014. We have set a bi-monthly reporting schedule together with a bi-monthly cycle for leadership reports for NHS boards.  Data is collected at ward level, with collated measures across the board submitted by programme managers to the national team.  Learning from data is key and supports staff to implement the changes required to achieve the aims of the programme.  Feedback reports of data assessment are agreed in collaboration with programme managers.

Data submission dates

3 January 2017
1 March 2017
1 May 2017
3 July 2017
1 September 2017
1 November 2017

Leadership report submission dates

1 February 2017
3 April 2017
1 June 2017
1 August 2017
2 October 2017
1 December 2017

 To contact a member of the Mental Health team, please click on the relevant name below.

David Hall Clinical Lead
Johnathan MacLennan Improvement Advisor
Steven Robertson Programme Manager
John Holligan Senior Project Officer
Sandra Ross Project Officer
Hana Barvik Administrative Officer